Tiger Reserve, West Bengal, India
The Sundarbans Tiger Reserve (STR) was created in 1973 and
constituted as a Reserve Forest in 1978. The current core area
was established as a National Park in 1984. Recognizing the region
and its unique biodiversity, the National Park was listed as a
World Heritage Site in 1985. The entire Sundarbans area was declared
a Biosphere Reserve four years later.
Flora and Fauna
The Sundarbans is part of a vast estuary in the Bay of Bengal.
These mangrove forests are the only tiger habitat of its kind
in the world. The trees and other wildlife have adapted to the
estuarine conditions of high salinity, lack of soil, erosion and
daily overflow by high tides. An estimated 270 tigers are found
here. Other fauna include fishing cat, spotted deer, wild boar,
gangetic dolphin, water monitor, estuarian crocodile, river terrapin,
olive ridley turtle, ground turtle, hawks bill turtle, king crab
Overall Program Objectives
TigerAid and its local partners have developed a path-breaking
project - the first of its kind in the Sundarbans - as an example
of a successful community-based conservation project where both
humans and tigers can co-exist together. This is being achieved
- Generating awareness about the importance of long-term conservation
of the Sundarbans through community education sessions within
- Improving tiger and prey base protection through intelligence
gathering of poaching, logging and other illegal activities
- Providing information, financial and technical assistance for
vocational training programs
- Initiation of joint forest management programs including anti-poaching
patrols, water harvesting and soil conservation efforts
- Improvement of basic village infrastructures
September 5, 2002 – A male tiger strayed into the village
of Satyanarayanpur where it was successfully captured by local
villagers and forest officials, tranquilized and relocated.
This was the first time a tiger was relocated by villagers rather
than being killed.
TigerAid is currently in discussions to establish community-based
tiger conservation programs in other tiger ranges in:
Cambodia, People’s Republic of China, Malaysia and Vietnam.